Matthew Liebmann – Revolt

The reading opens up with a very graphic and sad depiction of fight between the natives and the Spanish. The author pointed out that the natives found death would be better than to surrender. The natives knew the Spanish were coming to attack and were preparing for battle. Many of the other villages had come to join together to support. There had been a divide since some of the villages decided to fight alongside the Spanish. The fight was brutal. Many of the Jemez were either killed or taken as prisoners. The Spanish marched under the religious banner of Our Lady of Conquest. The Jemez had also called for the help of their religion. They also thought that not all the men who jumped of the cliff died. A pueblo prophet had emerged earlier named Po’Pay. Po’Pay had been held by the Spanish and tortured once free he had visions of the spirit. The idea of the vision was that the Pueblos would be free and enjoy life in the future before the Europeans. This was realized by a few who managed to rid some of the land from the colonist. The Pueblo Revolt had many different christians themes thought out the different groups. The way the native revolts are remembered are either success or failure and could be seen as marginalized. Historian, David Weber, commented that the Pueblo Revolt posed a threat to the Spanish conquest in the Americans. This was not just a history study but used archaeological evidence. The author explained how his book was different to read in between the lines. You also have to look at material culture to look at the changes in the Pueblo society. There is also a longer connection that the Pueblo Revolt had an anti colonial liberation movements worldwide (10). Another factor the author explores is the Subaltern resistance. This refers to people are left out from history or power. Subaltern is also people unable to gain access dominant forms of representations (11).  An important item to study also is the signs and symbols in Native revolts. The colonist culture become unfixed during the Pueblo revolt. While doing the study with archaeology the author said it was important not to disturb the humans remains. Also not to destroy any of the items left by the Jemez. I found this a very interesting read. It was cool to see how the author used not only the written history but also the artifacts to build a story.

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